UK Special Protection Areas

Special Protection Areas (SPAs) are strictly protected sites classified in accordance with Article 4 of the EC Birds Directive, which came into force in April 1979. They are classified for rare and vulnerable birds (as listed on Annex I of the Directive), and for regularly occurring migratory species. A range of these sites include marine components and few are entirely marine. Current information on locations and reason for selection is available from http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-4559